What is an art school application portfolio? / 了解艺术院校的入学申请作品集
In addition to meeting academic requirements, Art and Design Schools, Universities and Colleges typically require a practical art portfolio as part of the application process (this is often accompanied by a personal statement and/or an art school interview) / 基于学术要求，美术及设计类高等院校特别要求申请学生提供个人的实用艺术作品集－作为申请程序的重要步骤（通常伴随个人书面陈述及面试）
The University of the Arts London gives the following definition of an application portfolio: A portfolio is a collection of your work, which shows how your skills and ideas have developed over a period of time. It demonstrates your creativity, personality, abilities and commitment, and helps us to evaluate your potential / 伦敦艺术学院给出以下关于入学申请作品集的定义：作品集是你作品的收藏集，她展示着你的创造力，个性，艺术表达能力及你对艺术的投入程度; 学院通过你的作品集评估评定你的艺术潜能。
How to make an successful art portfolio for college or university? / 如何为进入艺术类高校制作脱颖而出的个人艺术作品集？
1. Research carefully and record the art portfolio requirements for a number of courses that interest you / 仔细地察阅并记录下来一些你感兴趣的大学科目的艺术作品集征收要求
Deciding which art or design school is for you is a big decision, While you consider your options, it is advisable to apply to a number of different schools, in case you are not accepted into your first choice. There is no shame in applying to college or university and not getting in (many highly successful individuals are not accepted into their university of first choice); but being left with no place to go because you didn’t apply to enough schools is an easily avoidable circumstance / 选择报考哪所艺术或设计类院校对你来说是很重要的抉择，而你考虑选择你的报考院校时，同时选择多所不同的院校是明智的，以此避免你没有被你的首选报考院校录取。
Whether submissions are digital, hardcopy reproductions or original artwork. If copies of work must be sent in, find out whether these should be colour photocopies, slides or photographs etc. Find out whether there are specific criteria for time based media (animation/moving image/video/interactive website design and so on).
Labelling and presentation requirements. Many art schools have precise portfolio presentation requirements, with work labelled or identified in certain formats, with details about titles, dates and materials used, for example. Digital portfolio submission may use online tools such as SlideRoom.
Whether there are special requirements for international or out-of-state applicants. If you are applying from another location, there may be special application criteria for you. For example, some colleges may accept international portfolios via email, instead of delivered in person.
Whether supplementary material is needed, for example, a personal statement or written essay (more on this soon). Art schools typically have academic requirements set by the university or college as a whole, which may require a separate application form and a different deadline. You may also be asked to submit images of work or objects that have influenced your work or teacher recommendations, testimonials or reports (only include these if specifically requested)
2. Look at recent student art portfolio examples to gain a visual understanding of what is expected / 阅览近期的考生艺术作品集并从视觉感官上开始认知什么样的作品是被学院接收认可的
3. Attend Open Days / 于“学院对外开放日”实地参观院校
Open days are the ideal time to find out whether an art school is the right place for you . Open days are also a great opportunity to find out more about the admissions process and what is expected by a school in terms of application portfolios. (As mentioned above, some art schools have past portfolios on display at the school permanently – in the campus library, for example).
4. Plan your art portfolio, aiming to demonstrate a range of artistic skill and experiences, creative ideas/originality and passion/commitment / 策划你个人的艺术作品集，宗旨在于展示你一定范围的艺术表现技巧和经验，创造理念（原创能力）和你对艺术的热情及投入
a) Emphasise observational drawing / 重点强调写生
Most art and design courses require applicants to have a certain level of observational drawing skill. This is essential not just for Fine Art specialities, but for many others, such as Architecture and Fashion Design. Even degrees that do not seem to obviously focus upon drawing usually welcome the inclusion of this within an application portfolio. For example, Ringling College of Art and Design states:
For majors without as much drawing involved, the submission of drawing in your portfolio is always welcome but not required.
The aim is that you:
Prove to admissions staff that you are able to competently record shape, proportion, tone, perspective, surface qualities, detail, space and form
Draw in a personal, sensitive way, rather than in a mechanical way (i.e. not a laborious copy of a photograph – drawings from photographs are specifically discouraged). This might involve more creative, expressive, gestural mark-making or the addition of non-realistic elements, textures, materials. In other words, communicate a strong sense of realism, but in a way that also capture an essence of the subject, rather than an exact, rigid copy of a scene. It can help to think about ideas and meanings behind a drawing – selecting a subject that holds meaning or relevance for you, rather than just selecting any random object to draw.
b) Explore a range of subject matter – make art about (and of) lots of interesting things / 探索尝试更广范畴的主题及素材 － 创作可以基于很多有趣的事物
If you are wondering what you should draw: the possibilities are limitless. You may, for example, draw a landscape, still life, portrait, animal, human figure, interior or exterior environment, hands and feet, or any other interesting everyday object – focusing, perhaps, on subject matter that is relevant for your degree (see more about tailoring your application to your particular focus area below) and, more importantly, subject matter that has some meaning and relevance to you. You should try and avoid common or cliché approaches and include a range of different interesting objects and scenes – and do not exactly replicate the work of another artist.
c) Use a range of mediums, styles, art forms and techniques / 广泛地实用绘画媒介，艺术形式，艺术表现形式及表现手法
Your art portfolio should show a diverse range of skill and visual experiences. Demonstrate that you are able to use and experiment with a range of styles, mediums and techniques and can control, apply and manipulate mediums in a skilful, appropriate and intentional way. Someone who is able to create acrylic paintings, sculptures, prints and pencil drawings, for example, is infinitely more flexible than someone who is only able to sketch only with a pencil. The former applicant demonstrates growth, diversity and a breadth of skill, as well as an interest in learning new things. The latter may be a ‘one trick pony’.
e) Include a range of varied, well-balanced compositions – show an ‘eye for aesthetics’ / 使你的作品集囊括多变化地表现范畴，高度协调的组合创作集锦－展示你的艺术美学眼光
f) Include process / development work if permitted / 部分学院允许并要求作品集内包含未完成的正在创作进程中的作品
g) Communicate creative ideas: be original / 使你的作品能够传达你的创作理念：你独具匠心的原创
Be experimental – try different things and push techniques, materials and technology in innovative and unexpected ways
Make art about something (visually communicate ideas) rather than just laboriously depict a scene – demonstrate your intellectual potential.
Be yourself – reveal your personality and interests. Never submit art that is an imitation of someone else’s. Aim for artwork that is new, fresh and about something that matters to you. Don’t replicate any of the portfolios you see on this page or elsewhere. Your portfolio should be individual to you. Let your portfolio reflect your strengths, interests and experiences and represent who you are.
h) Communicate passion, commitment and enthusiasm / 让你的作品传达你的艺术情感，热忱及狂热地投入
i) Tailor your application to suit your degree / 编辑整理你的申请作品集使之更贴合你所申请的学位水准
5. Take time to create new artwork and/or improve existing pieces (if required) / 如果学院要求，花些时间精力，在你原有的作品集上添加新近创作的艺术作品来提升你个人的作品集